Due to different growth regions and breeding, Kratom has evolved into a variety of different strains, which have distinctly different effects.
There are three primary effect categories one can divide strains into:
- Stimulating– These are some of the most desirable strains for those with fatigue or depression, as well as for those who need to sustain energy and focus for long periods of time.
- Sedating– As whole, sedating strains lack the more stimulating alkaloids, primarily mitragynine, contained in the Thai/Maeng Da strains of Kratom. However, they pack a very large punch as far as pain relief is concerned due to their large concentrations of 7-hydroxymitragynine. These strains have been traditionally used for chronic pain, opiate withdrawal relief and mood-lifting.
- Moderate– Many users prefer this category of Kratom strain due to its potent, yet smooth, effects. Currently, the most popular moderate strain is Green Malaysian; however, other sub-strains, vein types and breeding can make an overall sedating or stimulating strain moderate.
It should be noted that effects of different strains of Kratom within a category can vary. All analysis of Kratom strains is based upon an average of verifiable user reports to provide a guide to the strain as a whole.
There are several types of Kratom available, and new strains seem to appear on the market frequently. However, in reality these are often commercial Thai, Indo or Malaysian strains, sold under a variety of different name.
Responsible for the difference in effects are genetic differences, causing a change in alkaloid formation.
The traditional names for Kratom come from the regions its is native to. The naming conventions include Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand, as well as Sumatra, Borneo, Riau, Bali and so forth.
The main types of Kratom, although there are many names out there that are referring to these strains, are typically named for the region where the strains of Kratom are grown. The list below names of the popular strains:
- Thai (Grown in Thailand)
- Indo (Grown in Indonesia)
- Malay (Grown in Malaysia)
- Borneo (This is Indo grown in Indonesia)
- Maeng Da (Not a region, but an enhanced version of Thai)
- Bali (a combination of Sumatra and Borneo. Supposedly Bali was named this because it was in Bali where the combination was first created.)Maeng Da (Not a region, but an enhanced version of Thai)
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